I have control

Can we truly own our identity?

Digital identity is a complex subject; as with most digital transformations, taking a process that exists in an analogue world and digitising it for use online doesn’t create a great solution.  A number of models for digital identity exist, and are often spoken about in terms such as centralised, federated, distributed, user-centric, self-sovereign.  There are countless papers by the great and the good of the identity world that talk about the merits and flaws of the varying models.  There’s a school of thought that centralised is bad and self-sovereign is the panacea for digital identity – though often these ideas focus too much on the model and less about the use.  And the arguments are often mired in digitisation of analogue.

Self-sovereign digital identity is a model which:
  • Places the individual in absolute control of the digital representation of themselves 
  • Is based upon the kernel of self that exists in the real world
  • Assures the individual of access to all the data regarding them and provides transparency of how data flows
  • Persists for as long or as short as the individual decides
  • Assures portability and interoperability
  • Functions on explicit user consent
  • Operates sharing based on principles of data minimisation

These are all traits which it is hard to argue shouldn’t be the foundation of any digital identity model – never one to shy away from an argument, here goes:

Places the individual in absolute control of the digital representation of themselves 
Until such time as we plug in to the matrix, a digital identity and the flesh and bone which it represents cannot be linked with absolute certainty.   When the link between the two is, or is reasonably believed to be broken, control of the digital identity must be revoked (either permanently or temporarily).  This introduces a higher power of control over the individual’s identity.

Is based upon the kernel of self that exists in the real world
Identity in the real world is also complicated.  In the real world, our identities are often assigned by central authorities such as governments; or they’re guaranteed by 3rdparties such as our parents; or they’re accepted based upon assigned attributes such as name, address and date of birth; or they’re based upon our DNA.  And more often than not, they’re a combination of all of these.  If our digital identity is based upon our real-world identity it cannot be self-sovereign.

Assures the individual of access to all the data regarding them and provides transparency of how data flows
We should always strive towards openness and honesty.  Yet there are circumstances where we need to keep data hidden and circumstances where its beneficial for the user to do so.  As an example, the organisation who will rely on digital identity are often required to check for fraud and criminality against our identity.  This isn’t information that we should give to the user, yet it is often closely tied to their identity.  So commercially and practically it needs to flow with the identity assertion.  When we give information to an individual, we also have a duty of care not just when that data isn’t correct, yet also when that information risks disenfranchising the individual.  Credit scores used to be information passed from Agency to Supplier about the individual without their involvement.  This changed, and in the last 20 years, they have gone from information that we know, to information that we can actually manage.  Yet for many people, a poor credit score creates exclusion – which leads to disenfranchisement.  If digital identity is to be inclusive, the data that we give back to the individual needs to have the duty of care built in.  We should work towards openness, we shouldn’t dive straight into it without understanding the consequences.

Persists for as long or as short as the individual decides
For some nations, having a government issued identity card is mandatory, for others it is optional or simply doesn’t exist.  Rather than eulogising on which is right, digital identity needs to recognise all models do and will exist, and look to provide a digital identity model which supports mandatory and optional membership of government registers.  Similarly, fraud systems need to persist identity elements to protect from bad actors.  We can offer choice in how long our digital identity as a “thing” persists, on the data that makes it up we can’t.

Assures portability and interoperability
Data portability is a convenience factor that shouldn’t be wilfully restricted.  Identity portability is where the value and complexity lies.  In order to drive the market, the work done in proofing the identity and attribute claims can’t simply be ported from one party to another.  To do so risks separation of effort and reward, which disincentives the commercial efforts required to develop and maintain a functioning marketplace.

Interoperability can only be assured with mutual trust.  Mutual recognition is reliant on the creation and adoption of interoperable standards.  Interoperability of systems should only be required once interoperability of standards is achieved.  We shouldn’t expect that everything interoperates with everything else unless everything is equal.

Functions on explicit user consent
The notion that an individual can explicitly permission what data is shared by whom and with whom is reliant on goodwill that doesn’t exist.  If we are given the choice to share only positive information and withhold anything negative, this is going to be a common choice.  This will restrict the ability for the receiving organisation to rely on the data.  Hobson’s choice (take what’s on offer or nothing at all) isn’t explicit consent for data sharing either.  We should be far more honest with how we define consent, so that a user understands when we need broad consent to search for good and bad information about their identity and when we’re seeking explicit consent to only share attribute X from organisation Y with organisation Z.

Operates sharing based on principles of data minimisation
Users shouldn’t need to understand the principles of data minimisation.  In a self-sovereign model, where they’re free to share their own data as they choose with whomever they choose, they need to understand who they’re sharing their data with and whether they’re only asking for the data they actually need.  In other models, such decisions are made on behalf of the user based upon their own rules -  for example, the Passport Office can permission that “X holds a valid passport” and “X is a Citizen of country Y” to be shared with anyone that the individual wishes; and that “X has passport number 12345678” only with parties which it trusts – which takes away both the control and the responsibility from the individual. 


Self-sovereign identity is a utopia that may never exist based on principles that may be better achieved through other means.  We should focus more on the things that a user needs from a digital identity and worry less about the model that we use to achieve them.  In designing digital identity, if we do so based on principles the user will value, and deliver them in a way which they will engage, we have the opportunity to revolutionise identity for the digital age.  Can we truly own our identity?  Does it matter providing we can assert our identity when we need to, to get things done?

Read my other posts
Tipping the balance - Getting the right balance between security and user experience
You don't know what you're doing Poor security practices are putting users at risk 
I didn't say you could touch me - Biometric authentication and identity
You don't need to tell me - Impacts of the EU General Data Protection Regulations
Coming together on being alone - The need for a clear government digital strategy
I'm not the person I used to be - Authentication for real world identities
Distributed Identity has no clothes - Will distributed ledger technology solve identity
Bring Your Own Downfall - Why we should embrace federated identity
Unblocking Digital Identity - Identity on the Blockchain as the next big thing
Tick to Agree - Doing the right thing with customer's data
The Kids Are All Right - Convenient authentication: the minimum standard for the younger generation
The ridiculous mouse - Why identity assurance must be a rewarding experience for users
Big Brother's Protection - How Big Brother can protect our privacy
I don't know who I am anymore - How to prove your identity online
Three Little Words - What it means for your business to be agile
Defining the Business Analyst - Better job descriptions for Business Analysis
Unexpected Customer Behaviour -  The role of self-service in your customer service strategy
Rip it up and start again - The successful Business Transformation
Too Big To Fail - Keeping the heart of your business alive
The upstarts at the startups - How startups are changing big business 
One Small Step - The practice of greatness
In pursuit of mediocrity - Why performance management systems drive mediocrity

About me

Bryn Robinson-Morgan is an independent Business Consultant with interests in Identity Assurance, Agile Organisational Design and Customer Centric Architecture.  Bryn near 20 years experience working with some of the United Kingdom's leading brands and largest organisations.

Follow Bryn on Twitter: @No1_BA



Connect with Bryn on Linked In: Bryn Robinson-Morgan
Source: bryn blog

Buy betnovate cream online buy betnovate rd cream

4 stars based on 127 reviews
Tanto idosos quanto pacientes com insuficiência renal têm risco de desenvolver efeitos adversos neurológicos (efeitos relacionados ao Sistema Nervoso). 500 mg PO once daily for the source partner decreases risk of transmission to the uninfected partner in monogamous, buy betnovate cream online heterosexual relationships when combined with safer sex practices.

Anyone considering sending to Ebay or anywhere else for this stuff ought to consider that (contrary to some remarks in this comment space) it’s not a “supplement” (although it may be legally classified as such for import purposes). Blood tests showed that tea drinkers, but not coffee drinkers, saw increased production of an important disease-fighting cytokine by their T cells. Lipid-associated preparations have previously been considered primarily for patients who are intolerant of or have an infection refractory to the deoxycholate preparation. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. At the start the witches told Macbeth that he would become king. Oral candidiasis among African human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals: 10 years of systematic review and meta-analysis from sub-Saharan Africa. • Case-1: Ulcer completely healed in 4 weeks in case of varicose vein 60 year old lady, cost for zyvox Mrs.

Can you buy betnovate scalp application over the counter


In her post about Regency etiquette, citalopram paroxetine 7.5mg Grace shows us a lot more than good manners is at stake. ( 1993) Novel tetracycline glycosides active against tetracycline-resistant bacteria. It supports removable drives and hardware RAID, can you buy betnovate over the counter too. The primary purpose of the list is to raise public awareness about the incidence of forced and child labor in the production of goods in the countries listed and, buy betnovate cream online in turn, to promote efforts to eliminate such practices. For my entire life I have faced the fact that my teeth did not look good. My elbows have got pigmented and look dark and dirty as it I don’t clean them.

Betnovate c skin cream price


Instead, betnovate ointment buy online the State could proceed against Addleman under the civil commitment statute as a sexually violent predator. • Manejo del feocromocitoma (INDERALICI ® debe ser iniciado solamente en la presencia de un alfa-bloqueador efectivo alfa). I pazienti che fanno uso in concomitanza di gabapentin e morfina possono presentare un aumento delle concentrazioni di gabapentin. On April 16, arava tablets price 2001, the trial proceedings started, and the trial court denied the appellant's second motion to continue. Demographic and electrocardiographic factors associated with severe tricyclic antidepressant toxicity. (Historically, buy betnovate cream online vehicle manufacturers and distributors have charged a separate fee for processing, handling and delivering vehicles to dealerships. The drug is created so that a certain amount of the active ingredients are released in a specific amount of time. (Nelson) The lives of noble men and women were comparatively easy when compared to the lives of serfs and peasants; however they always had a full schedule for their daily lives and the occasional special event.

I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this website. One thing is for certain: your body is made perfect and whenever something is happening with it, betnovate rd cream price you should use that as an opportunity to listen to your body and bring your body in alignment with the Higher forces of the universe. You can Cytotec without prescription without prescription online, however we do not recommend you taking the drug without seeing your doctor first as this is not as harmless drug as it may seem from the first sight. Im Lauf des Lebens können die für Herpes labialis typischen Herpesbläschen immer wieder auftreten (wobei die Abstände zwischen den Ausbrüchen unterschiedlich lang sein können). Shortly thereafter, buy betnovate cream online he was elected as a member of Royal Society. Clinical features may be quite variable, buy betnovate cream online and the most useful predictive factor in distinguishing uncomplicated pyelonephritis from perinephric abscess is persistence of fever for more than 4 days after initiation of antibiotic therapy. It is now the 30th and I am still bleeding very slightly ( I could switch to wearing a panty liner vs.
betnovate 1 mg/ml
7 A systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized trials of technology-based interventions—including computer programs, can you buy betnovate ointment over the counter internet, telephone, and text messaging—for smoking cessation among this population found that they increased abstinence by 1.5 times that of comparison subjects. Il est possible à cause de l’absorption améliorée de la médecine dans la circulation de couleur de sang. Relationship to diagnostic subgroup and depressive symptomatology. La recherche sur la sérotonine a été clair dès le début que la chose la plus dommageable qui pourrait être fait pour le système de sérotonine serait porter atteinte à sa capacité à métaboliser la sérotonine. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, feldene fast sublinguale 20 mg allergies, and all medicines you use. Nineteenth Ed (Easton, Pa.: Mack Publishing Company, 1995); Hoover, John E., Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences. küçülerek sıkışan çekirdek açısal momentumun korunumu gereği hızlanır ve inanılmaz magnetik alanında hızlandırdığı parçacıkların periyodik olarak güçlü ışımalar yapmasına sebep olur.
betnovate n cream price pakistan
She seemed untroubled by the fact that we live in an age when it’s possible to take a pill for nearly everything, buy betnovate cream online or by the paradox that one of the problems this medication might be addressing is the desire-killing side effect of yet another type of psychotropic chemical, the S.S.R.I.'s. Der Levitra Preis sieht im Vergleich zum Konkurrenten günstiger aus. Library of CongressFor the next 20 years, glucophage 850 mg preis Behn wrote and performed in plays on the bawdy English stage. Although these have helped with initial improvement, we still see a high rate of recurrence of sinus disease. Grundsätzlich ist auch bei Menschen ohne erkennbare Anzeichen für Herpes an der Lippe eine Ansteckung mit den Herpesviren möglich. Ta ei mõju kohe võtmise järel nagu valuvaigistid, mida võetakse vajadusel (nagu näiteks ibuprofeen, tramadool, metadoon). The differential diagnosis and clinical implications of this profile are discussed here. Sulfonamides as a group do not appear to pose a serious teratogenic risk 21; however, trimethoprim is a folic acid antagonist and its use during the first trimester has been associated with structural defects, such as neural tube and cardiovascular defects. Thiazide induces water absorption in the inner medullary collecting duct of normal and Brattleboro rats. In many men, ED may be a serious harbinger of life-threatening cardiovascular conditions. Examples of thioethers include, but are not limited to alkthioalkyls, alkthioalkenyls, and alkthioalkynyls. As a matter of fact, prednisolone 15 mg espanol Cialis is one of the most common options when it comes to this purpose. Si leiste algunos comentarios habrás visto que las cremas con tretinoína o similares suelen ocasionar efectos muy parecidos a los de una quemadura y en algunos casos pueden producirse verdaderos problemas.
betnovate c price in india
If >600 mg/day, betnovate 30ml 30mg/ml titrate daily to 600 mg for 1 week, then discontinue. As unlike various other SSRIs, betnovate scalp price dapoxetine is conveniently as well as quickly absorbed and also removed by the physical body i. twice a day Monday, buy betnovate cream online Wednesday and Friday - taken with food. This is the only way a medicine may legally be imported into the UK. Insulin-dependent diabetes, diclofenac sodium 50mg buy uk even if well controlled, disqualifies a driver for commercial interstate driving.

You don’t need to tell me

You don’t need to tell me

In May 2018 the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) will come into force, replacing the existing Directive 95/46/EC, which will be repealed.  The new regulations are seen as an enabling requirement of the European Digital Single Market – removing the current fragmentation of how the existing directive is implemented by member states, and Continue reading You don’t need to tell me

I didn’t say you could touch me

I didn’t say you could touch me

The use of biometrics in user authentication is thriving with fingerprint sensors becoming more common and technology evolving for reliable facial and voice recognition being used within apps.  Next generation smartphones may also contain iris scanning capability thanks to micro form factor components that can be included in the existing footprint.   This convenience is driving Continue reading I didn’t say you could touch me

You don’t know what you’re doing

You don’t know what you’re doing

Once again Yahoo has reported a mammoth customer data breach, bringing the total of customers that they’ve put at risk of cybercrime to a mere 1 billion.  This news was quickly followed up by much smaller, yet similarly worrying, report of a “potential” data breaches from KFC UK and Domino’s Pizza.  KFC were keen to Continue reading You don’t know what you’re doing

Practical Change

Why is it that so many change and transformation projects fail? Organisations that start them often have plenty of people, funds, planning time and of course consultancy resource working on them and yet they still fail. Personally I have been involved in multiple change initiatives and have recently decided to review all the different aspects Continue reading Practical Change