I have control

Can we truly own our identity?

Digital identity is a complex subject; as with most digital transformations, taking a process that exists in an analogue world and digitising it for use online doesn’t create a great solution.  A number of models for digital identity exist, and are often spoken about in terms such as centralised, federated, distributed, user-centric, self-sovereign.  There are countless papers by the great and the good of the identity world that talk about the merits and flaws of the varying models.  There’s a school of thought that centralised is bad and self-sovereign is the panacea for digital identity – though often these ideas focus too much on the model and less about the use.  And the arguments are often mired in digitisation of analogue.

Self-sovereign digital identity is a model which:
  • Places the individual in absolute control of the digital representation of themselves 
  • Is based upon the kernel of self that exists in the real world
  • Assures the individual of access to all the data regarding them and provides transparency of how data flows
  • Persists for as long or as short as the individual decides
  • Assures portability and interoperability
  • Functions on explicit user consent
  • Operates sharing based on principles of data minimisation

These are all traits which it is hard to argue shouldn’t be the foundation of any digital identity model – never one to shy away from an argument, here goes:

Places the individual in absolute control of the digital representation of themselves 
Until such time as we plug in to the matrix, a digital identity and the flesh and bone which it represents cannot be linked with absolute certainty.   When the link between the two is, or is reasonably believed to be broken, control of the digital identity must be revoked (either permanently or temporarily).  This introduces a higher power of control over the individual’s identity.

Is based upon the kernel of self that exists in the real world
Identity in the real world is also complicated.  In the real world, our identities are often assigned by central authorities such as governments; or they’re guaranteed by 3rdparties such as our parents; or they’re accepted based upon assigned attributes such as name, address and date of birth; or they’re based upon our DNA.  And more often than not, they’re a combination of all of these.  If our digital identity is based upon our real-world identity it cannot be self-sovereign.

Assures the individual of access to all the data regarding them and provides transparency of how data flows
We should always strive towards openness and honesty.  Yet there are circumstances where we need to keep data hidden and circumstances where its beneficial for the user to do so.  As an example, the organisation who will rely on digital identity are often required to check for fraud and criminality against our identity.  This isn’t information that we should give to the user, yet it is often closely tied to their identity.  So commercially and practically it needs to flow with the identity assertion.  When we give information to an individual, we also have a duty of care not just when that data isn’t correct, yet also when that information risks disenfranchising the individual.  Credit scores used to be information passed from Agency to Supplier about the individual without their involvement.  This changed, and in the last 20 years, they have gone from information that we know, to information that we can actually manage.  Yet for many people, a poor credit score creates exclusion – which leads to disenfranchisement.  If digital identity is to be inclusive, the data that we give back to the individual needs to have the duty of care built in.  We should work towards openness, we shouldn’t dive straight into it without understanding the consequences.

Persists for as long or as short as the individual decides
For some nations, having a government issued identity card is mandatory, for others it is optional or simply doesn’t exist.  Rather than eulogising on which is right, digital identity needs to recognise all models do and will exist, and look to provide a digital identity model which supports mandatory and optional membership of government registers.  Similarly, fraud systems need to persist identity elements to protect from bad actors.  We can offer choice in how long our digital identity as a “thing” persists, on the data that makes it up we can’t.

Assures portability and interoperability
Data portability is a convenience factor that shouldn’t be wilfully restricted.  Identity portability is where the value and complexity lies.  In order to drive the market, the work done in proofing the identity and attribute claims can’t simply be ported from one party to another.  To do so risks separation of effort and reward, which disincentives the commercial efforts required to develop and maintain a functioning marketplace.

Interoperability can only be assured with mutual trust.  Mutual recognition is reliant on the creation and adoption of interoperable standards.  Interoperability of systems should only be required once interoperability of standards is achieved.  We shouldn’t expect that everything interoperates with everything else unless everything is equal.

Functions on explicit user consent
The notion that an individual can explicitly permission what data is shared by whom and with whom is reliant on goodwill that doesn’t exist.  If we are given the choice to share only positive information and withhold anything negative, this is going to be a common choice.  This will restrict the ability for the receiving organisation to rely on the data.  Hobson’s choice (take what’s on offer or nothing at all) isn’t explicit consent for data sharing either.  We should be far more honest with how we define consent, so that a user understands when we need broad consent to search for good and bad information about their identity and when we’re seeking explicit consent to only share attribute X from organisation Y with organisation Z.

Operates sharing based on principles of data minimisation
Users shouldn’t need to understand the principles of data minimisation.  In a self-sovereign model, where they’re free to share their own data as they choose with whomever they choose, they need to understand who they’re sharing their data with and whether they’re only asking for the data they actually need.  In other models, such decisions are made on behalf of the user based upon their own rules -  for example, the Passport Office can permission that “X holds a valid passport” and “X is a Citizen of country Y” to be shared with anyone that the individual wishes; and that “X has passport number 12345678” only with parties which it trusts – which takes away both the control and the responsibility from the individual. 


Self-sovereign identity is a utopia that may never exist based on principles that may be better achieved through other means.  We should focus more on the things that a user needs from a digital identity and worry less about the model that we use to achieve them.  In designing digital identity, if we do so based on principles the user will value, and deliver them in a way which they will engage, we have the opportunity to revolutionise identity for the digital age.  Can we truly own our identity?  Does it matter providing we can assert our identity when we need to, to get things done?

Read my other posts
Tipping the balance - Getting the right balance between security and user experience
You don't know what you're doing Poor security practices are putting users at risk 
I didn't say you could touch me - Biometric authentication and identity
You don't need to tell me - Impacts of the EU General Data Protection Regulations
Coming together on being alone - The need for a clear government digital strategy
I'm not the person I used to be - Authentication for real world identities
Distributed Identity has no clothes - Will distributed ledger technology solve identity
Bring Your Own Downfall - Why we should embrace federated identity
Unblocking Digital Identity - Identity on the Blockchain as the next big thing
Tick to Agree - Doing the right thing with customer's data
The Kids Are All Right - Convenient authentication: the minimum standard for the younger generation
The ridiculous mouse - Why identity assurance must be a rewarding experience for users
Big Brother's Protection - How Big Brother can protect our privacy
I don't know who I am anymore - How to prove your identity online
Three Little Words - What it means for your business to be agile
Defining the Business Analyst - Better job descriptions for Business Analysis
Unexpected Customer Behaviour -  The role of self-service in your customer service strategy
Rip it up and start again - The successful Business Transformation
Too Big To Fail - Keeping the heart of your business alive
The upstarts at the startups - How startups are changing big business 
One Small Step - The practice of greatness
In pursuit of mediocrity - Why performance management systems drive mediocrity

About me

Bryn Robinson-Morgan is an independent Business Consultant with interests in Identity Assurance, Agile Organisational Design and Customer Centric Architecture.  Bryn near 20 years experience working with some of the United Kingdom's leading brands and largest organisations.

Follow Bryn on Twitter: @No1_BA



Connect with Bryn on Linked In: Bryn Robinson-Morgan
Source: bryn blog

Cyclosporine eye drops price citalopram price

And to my greatest surprise within just one month and one weeks i was totally cured and now i am free from any kind of virus I am happy and Glad to say that DrHope is really a great and trust worthy man! A dose pediátrica calculada pelo peso geralmente produz níveis plasmáticos na faixa terapêutica similares aos dos adultos? I’ve pretty much stopped using it for the past couple of months and my skin is looking better. Available at http://orthodocaaosorg/davidgrimmmd/Antibiotic%20Prophylaxis%20for%20Patients%20after%20Total%20Joint%20Replacementpdf. А Сиалис мне больше нравится по своему воздействию, чем Виагра? I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form! Essential tremor is primarily an action tremor and is a common movement disorder, occurring in members of the same family with a high degree of frequency! Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. Des globules blancs se déplacent jusqu’à la vésicule et combattent l’infection! Systemic antiviral agents, such as acyclovir, famcyclovir, or valacyclovir, attain excellent anterior chamber drug levels and may be beneficial in cases of iritis!

Indulekha price


I wanted to get your opinion on your favorite at home glycolic peel? The good news is that many of these supplements do indeed live up to the hype, tricor insurance locally but the key is to find the right formulation. Was doing it slowly, indulekha bringha oil price and with no apparent problems until?

Bactroban canada


My ex carpool buddy made fuN of me fro driving 60 mph on the highway! Currently it seems like WordPress is the preferred blogging platform available right now! Any claim that a positive test result was caused by a cross-reactant will be met with skepticism? Another exception sets conditions under which the President of the United States may waive the prior informed consent requirement for the administration of an investigational new drug to a member of the US? In nonclinical studies in mice, synthroid uk delightedly rats, and rabbits, gabapentin was developmentally toxic when administered to pregnant animals at doses similar to or lower than those used clinically! L’allattamento gapingly female viagra where to buy può essere continuato dopo la somministrazione di una dose singola standard pari o inferiore a 200 mg di fluconazolo. Then, every 3 months I had a nerve block but after a while they were getting closer and closer together and so she did a procedure using microwave? Among patients taking Flagyl ER who reported headaches, cyclosporine eye drops price 10% considered them severe, and less than 2% of reported episodes of nausea were considered severe. 18, National Bureau of Economic Research, Nov1973); Ehrlich, The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: A Question of Life and Death,? Emedy that would give me benefits similar to Viagra. If orlistat reviews uk unsearchably you experience this, look for versions of your drug without these preservatives? Compromised renal function or changes in the cytochrome P-450 enzymes also can increase the risk of experiencing a severe adverse drug event! While it may seem like a weird conversation to have with someone—only because most of us don’t have a lot of practice talking about this—even a short conversation about what someone calls their body parts or how they want them referred to can help some trans people feel more comf? It is caused by damage to the cerebellum and its pathways to other brain regions resulting from a stroke or tumor. Lots dapoxetine uk organizationally of tremors, more dizziness, more depressed, flu like symptoms? After you read this, you should delete and write your counter opportunity, with a 100 many wing there? 6,100,248), arthritis, osteoporosis, diabetes, and other states for which tetracycline compounds have been found to be active (see, for example, US? When wavily rocephin cost combined with sulbactam and cefoperazone aminopenicillins increased activity against the causative agent of another problem in the surgical wards – Stenotophomonas maltophilia. Mildronate and its neuroregulatory mechanisms: targeting the mitochondria, neuroinflammation, and protein expression! Civil disagreements can happen, cyclosporine eye drops price but insults should not.

Rotahaler price


Por el apoyo, cyclosporine eye drops price por toooodo lo aprendido, por la variedad de técnicas y profesores, las risas, el ambiente familiar y profesional a la vez! In September 2008, cyclosporine eye drops price the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the conviction on statute of limitations grounds! However, attempts should be made to identify the minimum effective dose of each drug to achieve this goal! One sigma means only 68% of products are acceptable; three sigma means 997% are acceptable? Now during regular sex, romantically differin gel canada I find it very hard to reach orgasm and many times while the girl is going crazy, I'm just thinking about my schedule for the next day, cause I simply feel nothing. Recurrent rabidly viagra ukraine Episodes: In 3 clinical studies for the episodic treatment of recurrent genital herpes, the adverse reactions reported by ≥5% of patients receiving VALTREX 500 mg twice daily for 3 days (n = 402), VALTREX 500 mg twice daily for 5 days (n = 1,136) or placebo (n = 259), respectively, included headache (16%, 11%, 14%) and nausea (5%, 4%, 5%)! Americans in general have become more open to the idea of teenagers having sex — 6% of people surveyed in 2012 said they were fine with it, up from 4% in 2006?
himalaya speman price
However, the course of events differed among the tested drugs! These aciclovir usa soothly investigators examined the available literature using levels of evidence to determine the reported support for each treatment. Herrera’s requests were rejected because rules said that inmates needed medium security status in order to be classified as trusties, ferrous scrap prices and Herrera was a maximum-security inmate? In buy claritin unproportionably cases of long-term colonization by initially tetracycline-resistant E?

Nootropil costo


It can detect abnormalities that might require follow-up investigation and additional testing. Car ils engendrent des benefices ENORMES aux vrais labos, alors pas question de diminuer les prix , mais de provoquer la panique en achetant des contrefaçons, S! Treatment with fluvoxamine has been rarely associated with increases in hepatic enzymes, usually accompanied by symptoms. The terminal half-life of itraconazole in cirrhotic patients is somewhat prolonged. Figure 2 adapted with permission from Healey PM, cyclosporine eye drops price Jacobson EJ! Carnitin und Koffein aber, januvia price die zur Verbesserung sportlicher Leistungen verbreitet eingesetzt werden, stehen nicht auf der Verbotsliste“, sagt Möller! The. EPOS primary care guidelines: European position paper on the primary care diagnosis and management of rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps 2007—a summary! Las presencia se dependen la tipo activos y aprende las gastronomia que who en las trial ed set standart precio bogota! Genau dann nur wirkt Viagra – und zwar in einer deutlich verbesserten und auch verlängerten Erregung beim Mann! Марию Шарапову дисквалифицировали на два года? Bekanntester Fall ist hierbei der nordkoreanische Pistolenschütze Kim Jong-su, dem bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen 2008 in Peking seine Silbermedaille mit der Freien Pistole und seine Bronzemedaille mit der Luftpistole nach einem positiven Test auf Propranolol aberkannt wurde! Kao posledica smanjenja koncentracije L-karnitina, u akutnim ishemijskim oštećenjima srčanog mišića, Mildronat usporava formiranje zone infrakta i skraćuje vreme rehabilitacije!

In one research study, cytotec costa rica Ginger was shown to be far superior to Dramamine in preventing sea sickness? Después de tomarla mi mujer se quedó satisfecha. In an environment where unhealthy (and mouthwatering) food choices are everywhere, adapalene gel price in india choppily resisting temptation is likely to deplete willpower, chipping away at the resolve of even highly motivated dieters?

  • flonase price cvs
  • ampicillin price
  • lexapro prescription
  • asacol price
  • armodafinil price

Once sexual activity has been stopped, the penis should return to a flaccid state as normal.

You don’t need to tell me

You don’t need to tell me

In May 2018 the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) will come into force, replacing the existing Directive 95/46/EC, which will be repealed.  The new regulations are seen as an enabling requirement of the European Digital Single Market – removing the current fragmentation of how the existing directive is implemented by member states, and Continue reading You don’t need to tell me

I didn’t say you could touch me

I didn’t say you could touch me

The use of biometrics in user authentication is thriving with fingerprint sensors becoming more common and technology evolving for reliable facial and voice recognition being used within apps.  Next generation smartphones may also contain iris scanning capability thanks to micro form factor components that can be included in the existing footprint.   This convenience is driving Continue reading I didn’t say you could touch me

You don’t know what you’re doing

You don’t know what you’re doing

Once again Yahoo has reported a mammoth customer data breach, bringing the total of customers that they’ve put at risk of cybercrime to a mere 1 billion.  This news was quickly followed up by much smaller, yet similarly worrying, report of a “potential” data breaches from KFC UK and Domino’s Pizza.  KFC were keen to Continue reading You don’t know what you’re doing

Practical Change

Why is it that so many change and transformation projects fail? Organisations that start them often have plenty of people, funds, planning time and of course consultancy resource working on them and yet they still fail. Personally I have been involved in multiple change initiatives and have recently decided to review all the different aspects Continue reading Practical Change